ABADAN, island and seaport located in the province of Khuzistan at the southwest corner of Iran on the left bank of Shatt al-Arab and about 60 km from the Persian Gulf. It grew into a big city because of its oil refinery. During World War II there were about 25,000 refinery employees out of a total population of 100,000. This was a period in which Abadan attracted a relatively large number of Jews from several cities in Iran, mainly from isfahan , bushire , shiraz , and kermanshah . According to one source (Alam-e Yahud), at this time there were 200 Jewish families (about 800 people) living in Abadan, some of whom were Iraqi Jews. In addition, it has been reported that 300 out of 1,700 foreign professional refinery employees were Palestinian Jews belonging to solel boneh . For this reason, one may say that the post-Reza Shah (1925–41) He-Ḥalutz movement and Zionist activities in Iran had, to some degree, their roots in the Jewish community of Abadan. Abadan played an important role in rescue missions of the Iraqi Jews during and after the independence of Israel. After the 1979 Islamic revolution, Jews began to leave the city. At the beginning of the 21st century there were few Jewish families living in Abadan, numbering fewer than 20 people. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: "Abadan," in: Encyclopedia Iranica (ed. E. Yarshater), 1 (1982), 51–57; Alam-e Yahud, 21 (Jan. 8, 1946), 362; Y. Yazdani, Records on Iranian Jews' Immigration to Palestine, 1921–1951 (1996), 61, 67, 110. (Amnon Netzer (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Abadan — (film) is also the name of a 2003 Iranian movie from director Mani Haghighi, as well as the name of a town in TurkmenistanInfobox Settlement official name = Abadan image caption = pushpin latd=30|latm=21|lats=|latNS=N… …   Wikipedia

  • Abadan — Abadan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ABADAN — Ville du Khouzistan (Kh zist n) en Iran, Abadan (face= EU Upmacr b d n) s’est développée autour de la raffinerie construite de 1910 à 1913, après la découverte des champs pétrolifères du Khouzistan; elle occupe une île alluviale, d’une superficie …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abadan — Abadan,   Stadt in Iran, nahe der Mündung des Schatt el Arab in den Persischen Golf, etwa 310 000 Einwohner.   Wirtschaft:   Die Erdölraffinerie (erster Bau 1909, inzwischen eine der größten der Erde) und damit verbundene petrochemische Werke… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Abadán — Abadán, ciudad y puerto de Irán en la provincia de Juzistán. Se alza sobre una isla del cauce del Shat al Arab, a 50 km del golfo Pérsico. En la década de 1980 sufrió bombardeos y ataques terrestres durante la guerra irano iraquí. 296.081 hab.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Abadán — [ä΄bə dän′, ab΄ə dan′] 1. island in the Shatt al Arab, SW Iran: 42 mi (68 km) long 2. city on this island: an oil refining center: pop. 85,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Abadan — /ah beuh dahn , ab euh /, n. a city in SW Iran, on the Shatt al Arab: oil refineries. 306,000. * * * ▪ Iran Arabic  ʿAbbādān        city, extreme southwestern Iran. The city is situated in Khūzestān, part of the oil producing region of Iran.… …   Universalium

  • Abadan — 30° 20′ N 48° 17′ E / 30.33, 48.28 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abadán — اآبادان Abadán Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abadan — Original name in latin Abadan Name in other language ABD, Abadan, Abadan abadan, Abadano, Abadn, Abadn a ba dan, abadan, bdn, bdn, Абадан State code IR Continent/City Asia/Tehran longitude 30.3392 latitude 48.3043 altitude 6 Population 370180… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database